So what do we do about inequality?
Many prominent opinion-shapers in America today consider this the wrong question to ask. Inequality — the grand divide between the few and the many, the rising concentration of income and wealth — doesn’t much bother these movers and shakers. Poverty, they claim, does.
The question we ask ought to be, says Harvard economist Greg Mankiw, a top adviser to both George W. Bush and Mitt Romney: “How do we help people at the bottom, rather than thwart people at the top?”
Mankiw’s take resonates far beyond Republican ranks. We should be focusing on helping society’s poorest, not hammering on the richest, former Federal Reserve vice chairman Alan Blinder agreed this past summer. Blinder used to advise Bill Clinton and John Kerry. For the poor, he argues, “the fantastic earnings of people that make $100 million a year are completely irrelevant.”
This hands-off-the-rich stance even gets support from elite influentials who say they worry about inequality.
“Reducing inequality is good,” opined Larry Summers, President Obama’s first National Economic Council director, earlier this year, “but it’s fifty times better to do it by lifting those up who are low than by tearing down those who are high.”
Plenty of other influentials in politics, the media, and the charity world share this mainstream consensus. Any serious focus on wealth at the top, this perspective holds, only serves to distract us from reducing poverty at the bottom.
Professionals in anti-poverty groups have by and large internalized this worldview. Foundations and lawmakers, they’ve learned over the years, do not look kindly on anti-poverty groups open to challenging privilege and power.
But cracks in this don’t-worry-about-privilege united front have been growing — as that privilege has become steadily more pronounced.
One particularly loud crack came two years ago when one of America’s most respected poverty-fighters, former U.S. Department of Health and Human Services assistant secretary Peter Edelman, released his book So Rich, So Poor.
“I used to believe,” Edelman wrote, “that the debate over wealth distribution should be conducted separately from the poverty debate, in order to minimize the attacks on antipoverty advocates for engaging in ‘class warfare.’ But now we literally cannot afford to separate the two issues.”
The “economic and political power of those at the top,” Edelman continued, is “making it virtually impossible to find the resources to do more at the bottom.”
Another loud crack came this past January, just before the annual gathering of the global glitterati at the Swiss mountain resort of Davos. The world’s 85 richest billionaires, the respected anti-poverty charity Oxfam pointed out, now hold as much wealth as the 3.5 billion people in humanity’s poorer half.
That shocking stat quickly went viral worldwide. Last week, Oxfam came back with more — but not just more stats. The charity unveiled a landmark new campaign that aims at nothing less than reframing the entire global political discourse around poverty and wealth.
The stakes in this bid could hardly be higher. If Oxfam’s new Even It Up campaign succeeds, no one who wants to get taken seriously in global public policy circles will ever again get away with dismissing the danger that concentrated wealth poses to the poor — or anyone else.
Oxfam has launched this new campaign with a 136-page report that explores that danger, with everything from dramatic new numbers — the combined wealth of the world’s top 85 billionaires is increasing at the rate of a half million dollars a minute — to moving personal narratives.
The report, just as importantly, offers a wide-ranging guide to the sorts of steps that could, if put in play, leave the world a much more decent place.
“Oxfam’s decades of experience in the world’s poorest communities have taught us that poverty and inequality are not inevitable or accidental, but the result of deliberate policy choices,” the report notes. “Inequality can be reversed.”
Oxfam’s broad global footprint has the potential to make these words much more than mere noble rhetoric. The 72-year-old organization has spread far beyond its original UK base and now has affiliates worldwide. Oxfam staff and volunteers work side by side with thousands of local charities in nearly 100 countries.
The new Even It Up campaign, Oxfam officials explained last week, will initially unfold in 25 different nations, with each national effort working to build coalitions behind action recommendations in the new Even It Up report.
Some of these recommendations urge support for initiatives already moving onto the global political center stage. The Even It Up campaign launch report, for instance, calls on governments to start taxing financial transactions and clamp down on tax havens that service grand fortunes.
In other areas — taxing wealth, for instance — Oxfam is recommending ideas just beginning to pick up political momentum. One example: A 1.5 percent tax on individual wealth above $1 billion, Oxfam calculates, would raise $74 billion yearly, “enough money to fill the annual gaps in funding needed to get every child into school and to deliver health services in the world’s poorest countries.”
Oxfam’s recommendations also target the engine of inequality that the modern multinational corporation has become. Even It Up urges governments to steer procurement contracts to companies that pay their top executives no more than 20 times the pay that goes to their typical workers.
The Oxfam Even It Up report comes accompanied by supporting commentary from an array of distinguished experts and world leaders.
Ample evidence tells us, Bank of England chief economist Andrew Haldane notes in his contribution, that inequality “slows development of the human, social and physical capital necessary for raising living standards and improving wellbeing.”
“That penny,” Haldane observes, “is starting to drop among policymakers and politicians.”
With the new Even It Up campaign, Oxfam isn’t just pitching pennies. It’s hoping to help nurture a citizen’s movement strong enough to challenge the world’s grandest fortunes and the myths that keep them growing.
Oxfam, explains the group’s executive director Winnie Byanyima, “is standing in solidarity with people everywhere who are demanding a more equal world and an end to extreme inequality.”
“Governments around the world have been guilty of a naive faith that wealth going to those at the top will automatically benefit everyone,” adds Oxfam chief exec Mark Goldring. “That’s not true.”
Sam Pizzigati edits Too Much, the Institute for Policy Studies online weekly on excess and inequality. His latest book: The Rich Don’t Always Win: The Forgotten Triumph over Plutocracy that Created the American Middle Class (Seven Stories Press)
This article first appeared on the Too Much, a project of the Institute for Policy Studies. Click here to go to the original.