Fighting Terrorism: Extraordinary Situations Require Extraordinary Solutions

Legislation and reform take time in Pakistan while the terrorists are already here causing mayhem and murder. Ikram Sehgal argues that to save the country and promote national unity for the time being the motto must remain, ‘extraordinary situations require extraordinary means’.

Posted on 02/4/19
By Ikram Sehgal | Via ViewsWeek
(Photo by bloomsberries, CC license)

The proof of Imran Khan regime’s political skill will be seen in overcoming egos and dissent in getting extension for the military courts in Pakistan with the current two-year term ending on 7 January 2019. Despite having less than cordial relations with the political opposition the government will have to create a common stand on the issue. The Opposition has already tacitly rejected the extension of the military courts that – according to their arguments these go against democracy and human rights. They were singing an entirely different tune on the receiving end while in government.

 

Four years after the installation of the military courts it is worthwhile to recall the situation that made it possible to create a consensus across political divisions for their installation. The courts were established in 2015 in the aftermath of Army Public School (APS) massacre of 140 people, overwhelmingly children. Four years later many of us may have forgotten the terror of that day, the tears of the children and families. We should not allow the memories of our deep anguish and anger be forgotten among the multiple little problems of our daily lives. To remind the critics of military courts who now seen so concerned about human rights and democracy: what and where were the human rights of those children then? Human Rights and democracy cannot co-exist in a sphere were terrorism raises its ugly head! While the families of those who perished will never forget neither should the country, in particular the elected representatives whose responsibility it is to protect the life and liberty of the citizen they represent. The horror of this attack on school children enabled Nawaz Sharif government to create military courts to carry out swift justice in terrorist cases so as to contain the menace of terrorism in our country.

 

The parliament again granted a two-year extension to military courts in 2017 because they proved to be an effective means to contain terrorism in the country. The fact of the matter is that Pakistan’s judicial system is not effective enough and the laws do not provide for water-tight cases to convict even hard core terrorists. Moreover the political will was lacking, how many times hard core urban terrorists walked out of police stations in Karachi duly feted and garlanded? When the law enforcing institutions did produce them in courts they could not be punished by the courts of law due to flaws in the existing legal system, they intimidation of witnesses in fear of their lives and the non-existence of necessary legislation to punish them.  The result was that they were either soon bailed out or released by the courts. That lack of political will to go with weak laws was very frustrating and morale-sapping for the security and law enforcing agencies (LEAs).  In the meantime LEAs personnel involved in catching them landed up dead, killed by them indirectly in retribution.  Anyone for their human rights?  On for that matter their fundamental rights of life and liberty? Unfortunately except in the superior courts this situation has not changed until today.

 

During the four years of their functioning the military courts have proven to be an efficient tool to bring terrorists to justice. 310 terrorists have been given death sentences in 717 terrorism cases sent by the federal government, of the 546 cases finalized by the military courts, 234 were given imprisonment sentences and 310 given the death penalty. Despite this progress, terrorism may have been contained but not yet eliminated in our country. Remember the recent attack on the Chinese Consulate General in Karachi and the India-supported terrorism still going on, through drastically reduced, in Balochistan.

 

A two-third majority in Parliament to needed to pass the bill to give the military courts another extension, that is only possible with the support of the opposition parties. Because it is a matter of national importance and unity reaching out beyond party lines is needed to strengthen national unity in Pakistan. Democracy and the presence of ruling parties and opposition does not mean that the two have to fight each other. Both sides have a role to play in bringing the country forward and for that matter cooperation is needed.

 

Fighting terrorism is a national cause that still reach well beyond parties and party politics. Major opposition parties are aware of that. PML (N) head Shahbaz Sharif, has already indicated in public that he and his party would support the motion when approached and asked to do so. It was, after all this party under which rule the military courts were installed in the first place. He also acknowledged that terrorism has been contained because of the presence of military courts. The PPP is more reluctant to support the extension, some of their leaders have made negative statements.  Talking to the media Zardari said that the PPP would consider it when approached by the government. Given Zardari’s solid connection to the fake accounts, given the possible confiscation of all his assets abroad if he is convicted of money-laundering in Pakistan, anyone want to guess what he wants in return?

 

The PTI leadership in the government lack the political in skills to integrate and include opposition forces into the political process.  Sometimes the egos of certain leaders stand in the way of a meaningful political cooperation which is in the interest of the country, this must change! While the endeavor of fighting corruption has to go on it should not prevent the government to create an ‘alliance of the willing’. And there are willing people on all sides of the divide in the interest of Pakistan. It needs some effort but it can and should succeed. Even being outside of official government because of his disqualification Jahangir Tareen should play a critical role for his party and the national interest. The military courts were set up through a political consensus that included government and opposition under the National Action Plan (NAP) against terrorism in 2015 and even the Supreme Court had upheld the establishment of these courts. If the previous government was able to create such a consensus this government should prove itself by doing the same.

 

The people of Swat and FATA has as much as any citizen of Pakistan.  Yet when the situation required, first the Musharraf regime and then Zardari’s PPP government and Nawaz Sharif’s PML (N) government went to war in those territories to stamp out the evil of corruption, what about their democratic and human rights?  Indeed what about Karachi?   Can we forget the magnificent performance of the Armed Forces to make Karachi what it is today?   Can we forget what Generals Ijaz Chaudhry, Naveed Mukhtar, Bilal Akbar and Saeed have accomplished?  Let us not play political games when the horrors of war put our citizens life and liberty at our stake.

 

Military courts are not the “sin qua non” of a democracy. The task remains to reform our judiciary and legal system in a way that allows it to tackle terrorism in normal courts. But we should also not forget that when democracy was invented there was no terrorism and thus the system is basically not equipped to tackle it. Even western countries and democracies had to learn that and had to bring in new legislation to deal with the situation, what is the “Patriotic Act” in the US? But legislation and reform take time while the terrorists are already here causing mayhem and murder.

 

To save the country and promote national unity for the time being the motto must remain, ‘extraordinary situations require extraordinary means’.

 

The writer is a defense and security analyst.

 

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