Indo-Pakistan Relations: The Audacity of Hope

Moving away from Siachen and Kargil mindsets in both India and Pakistan won’t be easy. But big crowns come stuffed with thorns. Even the smallest ambition for peace between India and Pakistan needs statesmanship and roadblock-mitigation. Hope is not a plan, no matter how audacious.

Posted on 05/26/14
By Sherry Rehman | Via The News International
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif congratulates Indian PM Narender Modi after oath-taking ceremony. (Photo by R Sameer, Creative Commons License)
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif congratulates Indian PM Narender Modi after oath-taking ceremony. (Photo by R Sameer, Creative Commons License)

The flight to New Delhi for Pakistan’s prime minister to attend Narendra Modi’s inauguration among other Saarc leaders is a short one, but is nothing short of a diplomatic coup for both. The symbolic ceremonials of the event can at best be, well, just that: Symbolic.

Modi Must be Allowed to Revitalize ties with Pakistan, Sri Lanka

Editorial, Hindustan Times

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s bold decisions to downsize the cabinet as well as to invite neighboring heads of state to the swearing-in ceremony, including Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, has run into predictable opposition from allies. For example, NDA‘s Tamil Nadu ally MDMK, led by Vaiko, staged a black flag demonstration to protest Modi’s decision to invite Rajapaksa.


These are signs of allies turning restive even before NDA settles down to business and Modi will need to manage these dissensions. While Vaiko needs to appeal to the populist constituency he has cultivated, BJP commands a comfortable majority in Parliament. Such pressure tactics should not dissuade it from formulating a foreign policy that extends a hand to India’s neighbors.


Likewise, Shiv Sena chief Uddhav Thackeray made up his mind at the last moment to attend the swearing-in ceremony. He may have been piqued by the prospect of having to rub shoulders with Pakistani PM Nawaz Sharif, there was also the matter of not too many plum posts available in a lean cabinet. But none of this justifies his extraordinary exhortation to Modi to press the nuclear button if Pakistan “didn’t mend its ways”. Such bombast is outdated and beyond irresponsible in the nuclear era.


Thackeray is doing Modi a signal disservice by suggesting he issue threats in the manner of North Korea’s boyish and unstable dictator who’s ostracized by the world — Kim Jong-un. Thackeray is welcome to his hawkish image, but he needs to find more intelligent ways of being a hawk than this. NDA’s allies, especially parties with particularistic and hardline agendas, must realize that Modi’s decision to invite heads of government of countries in India’s near abroad was not only bold but a pragmatic foreign policy move. He must be given the opportunity to revitalize ties with India’s neighbors.


This editorial was published in Hindustan Times, a leading newspaper of India.

It is Sharif’s bilateral meeting with the newly anointed PM of India, Narendra Modi, that has more than all the usual suspects chattering. Contrary to conventional wisdom, the average Pakistani no longer thinks about India, except to visit, trade or watch Bollywood movies. But this time, everyone has an opinion on two things: whether Sharif should have gone, or not, and more importantly, what he should expect from his first meeting with a BJP prime minister.


As former President Zardari said in support of the move, it’s a good decision, but a difficult one. It’s a tough call because hardliners are at their shrillest peak in trashing any reciprocity as a compromise with received history, Kashmir and Gujarat. Sharif must also know that to be taken seriously on foreign policy, the current muddle-through on counter-terrorism policy at home must change.


But it is smart politics because the positives far outweigh the negatives, just like the numbers for the decision far outweigh those against it in parliament. Pakistan is now a noisy democracy. Its elected representatives have spoken with a consensus on waging peace with India, which includes the main opposition party.


Given the limits of short-run diplomacy, what can take this meeting beyond a photo-op?


A first encounter after years of stalled dialogue can only hope to do three things. If the aim is to reset ties, and not just drive PM Modi’s stock up on the global stage, then the two can at least go beyond sizing each other up. They can use the meeting to kick-start a long, often challenging journey of planned engagement to make South Asia a prohibitive, more lonelier place on the planet for terrorists, poverty and energy insecurity. They don’t need to make a calendar or a roadmap. That’s not what prime ministers do. But they can certainly direct their foreign and home ministries to plot a course for the ‘new normal’. They can flesh this out in September at the UN sidelines, or earlier.


Two, they can buck a trend, and some criticism, to set a higher value on legacy politics than on just business. Don’t get me wrong. Business, trade, economic integration are the future, and must drive the motor for game-change. Yet all of us who have been powerful advocates of economic change as the lead engine in bilateral ties have to step back and remind ourselves that while rightist governments dominate in both countries, at this point in time, history will not bend without a hand at its helm.


The politics of extremism are at an unprecedented high in both countries, albeit in very different form and intensity. Pakistan faces a rash of terrorist violence and intolerance bordering on bigotry, especially with minorities. Afghanistan is facing multiple vulnerabilities, including a security and economic vacuum. Such transition likely, if not surely, begets chaos. And while comparisons with Indian formal protections against religious intolerance may be odious and even misplaced, to the outside world, the BJP is still the benign face of a communalist machine that messaged anti-Pakistan sentiment in its election campaign. This is in stark contrast to Pakistan’s election, where none of the mainstream political parties even bothered to mention, let alone demonize India.


So what must the business-backed PMs do? Still plug hard for economic ties, but make the executive leap to broader course correction and resumption of full spectrum composite dialogue, including Kashmir. Before that can realistically be uninterruptible, PM Sharif has the Mumbai-trial baggage to sort, while PM Modi has to moderate some of his colleagues’ hawkish talk.


Lastly, Messrs Modi and Sharif really should take ten minutes out to game out what happens in event of a crisis.


Let’s not even pretend that the region is inured from that, or that through 2015 the Line of Control cannot flare up dangerously. Both must know that any real test of diplomacy will be during a flashpoint moment. Heads of nuclear states usually get this. Yet we still leave two hot borders and crisis management systems on autopilot. Both have been in politics long enough to know that usually between India and Pakistan, broad policy intentions spelt out at press stakeouts fall into the black hole of strategic drift. So before the next crisis erupts, they must commit to a time-lined plan to prevent events taking on a life of their own.


This is indeed an order as tall as the Minar-e-Pakistan which another vintage of BJP PM had the foresight and vision to visit. It is time another, more empowered BJP PM looked to history.


For Pakistan’s Sharif, his parliamentary numbers also mandates him to lead history at home. It’s true, the military’s worries can’t be wished away. They need to be dealt with, not ignored. Moving away from Siachen and Kargil mindsets in both countries won’t be easy. But big crowns come stuffed with thorns, as we all know. Even the smallest ambition for peace between India and Pakistan needs statesmanship and roadblock-mitigation. Hope is not a plan, no matter how audacious.


The writer, chair of Jinnah Institute, served as federal minister of information and ambassador to the USA. Twitter: @sherryrehman 

This article first appeared in The News International, a leading newspaper of Pakistan.

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