While war and civil war always include violence, the atrocities committed during the nine months in 1971 were neither a decided war strategy nor a one-sided occurrence. It was initiated by the emotional break-down of established psychological and societal limits fired by disparate nationalist theories and feelings.
Germany went to war against the Soviet Union mainly for “Lebensraum” (living room), territory needed for its national development. Modi is creating Lebensraum in reverse, pushing the minority population mainly Muslims, out to create space for the Hindu population. It will be interesting to see how Hasina Wajid deals with this, after all the deportees will have nowhere to go but Bangladesh.
As China outstrips all other external investors in Bangladesh by a considerable margin, energy and infrastructure projects are tying the South Asian country ever more tightly to China.
South Asia runs the grave risk of becoming caught in the US-China turf war and being forced into non-inclusive and unbalanced trade relations.
There are only seven seats that the opposition political parties won in Bangladesh's December 30 parliamentary elections, setting a trend of diminishing parliamentary opposition. Many analysts in the South Asian nation wonder who will play as the opposition in the new parliament?"
Policymakers in South Asia should consider that while proximate environmental conflicts are the key impediments to region's hydro projects, environmental factors can also be instrumental in building lasting peace.
India has been losing her neighbors to China, one by one. Bangladesh has remained untouched. Under no circumstances should India let China take political control of Bangladesh.
Former prime minister Khaleda Zia's trial lacked transparency and fairness. The court, many in Bangladesh believe, became a legal tool of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina to silence, banish and physically remove her political opponents.
Both China and India should wake up and take Bangladesh a little more seriously, says one analyst.
Bangladesh should be more interested in allying with the West for political, economic, and military assistance rather than narrow visions of the line of credit which benefits the creditor over the debtor.